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How to Write an Informative Essay

When writing an informative essay, you must understand the family of argumentation that it stems from. You might be familiar with expository essays, where the author must investigate and evaluate evidence, as well as formulate support for the stated idea. Similar formatting may be found in the following types of essays: Cause-and-Effect, Process, Descriptive, Compare-and-contrast, Problem/solution.


what is informative essay

So what is an informative essay? The definition of informative writing is as follows: The work must be informative and based on facts. It is not supposed to sway a reader into changing beliefs or give an opinion.

Article Map

  • Informative Topics
  • Informative essay examples for high school or college
  • How To Start an Informative Essay
  • Covering your bases before writing
  • Outline Structure / Example
  • Short example of informative essay
  • Informative Essay Format / Structure (Using informative essay examples)
  • Introduction (example)
  • Body
  • Conclusion
  • Informative Essay Rubric
  • A rubric is useful for making sure that you have taken all the necessary steps to create a well-constructed piece.

Informative Essay Topics

  • Prison Overcrowding
  • You could mention all of the consequences that come with the number of prisons, a number of inmates and the justice system in general (stick to facts and statistics. Know the difference between fact and opinion.) You could also take a slightly lighter approach and touch on decreased mandatory minimum sentences for nonviolent offenses. Remember, try not to make it too narrow, or too broad.
  • Informative Essay about Family
  • Discuss the importance of family for children. There are plenty of resources and data to back up your point of view.
  • Smoking
  • When tackling a subject like smoking, it could be interesting to address the history of tobacco and how it evolved, as well as its societal status through the years. There are a lot of interesting facts on the matter that not many may know.
  • Your favorite band/movie/art etc.
  • Those who do not share your tastes may find something interesting in your favorite art. Behind the scenes footage, cut content and its importance, song meanings, historical context, etc. The sky’s the limit, but keep in mind that you cannot express your personal opinions.
  • How Something Works
  • Ranging from the role of a cinematographer in a film production to a nuclear power plant, there are plenty of opportunities to explain the technology behind machinery, a job or an idea.

Related: How to Choose Essay Topics

How to Start

The most frequent mistake that students make is attempting to write right away, without the proper research and a lack of a plan. Such an attitude is especially unproductive when writing an informative essay since it needs a lot of effort put into the synthesis of information. The audience must learn something new by the end of the piece. Having a blueprint of your essay speeds up the writing process.


First of all, you must understand that the topic you choose cannot be too vast, or too limited. A prospective student will always write about an area they do not know much about. Think of it as an exercise, you are expanding your pool of knowledge, but do try to stick to something you care about.

before writing an informative paper

Try to visualize the route you will take with your paper; you may refer to the list of provided topics and see if anything tickles your curiosity.


The most important part is research. Familiarize yourself with several sources, and save them for later. You will need to refer to them, and perhaps even cite them if your instructor wants you to do so. Archiving knowledge will improve the retention of that material and will help during the writing process. Do not limit yourself to primary sources, but evaluate the secondary ones and make sure they are legible and valuable.

Informative Essay Outline

Let’s take one of our topics as an example – showcasing art on a factual basis. The critical thing is to avoid sentiment. So suppose your theme is based on the context behind the album Kid A. To explain it, I would have to delve into the band’s prior history and experience, and explain why Kid A turned out the way it did base on interviews and reviews.


The most common way of writing an informative essay is a five paragraph format. You start off with an introduction, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Your intro serves to present the main idea of your article. The three body paragraphs of your article will mainly consist of the thesis thoughts you created In your intro. Your conclusion will sum everything up, and present the significance of your topic.


The introduction to your essay should be something that will grab your reader’s attention. Include an essay hook, a thesis statement and a transition sentence (usually the same sentence) to make sure everything moves smoothly.

An example of an attention grabber: The tunes on the radio head in a different direction nowadays.

An example like that is a bit ridiculous, but it is an extreme example of the job that an essay hook needs to perform. Hopefully, a play on words will make the reader grin in this case.

An example of a thesis statement: To what extent has Kid A’s deviation from the norm been influenced by the band’s prior experiences?

Body 1 – Kid A’s deviance in style

The goal of the body paragraphs is to support the thesis statement with evidence or examples.

  • Kid A’s deviance in style
  • Exhausting touring schedule

Body 2 – Exhausting Touring Schedule after OK Computer

Keep providing supporting evidence.

  • Heavy Themes in Artwork
  • Themes in Music (and why)

Body 3 – Lyrical Meaning

More support.

  • Use of sarcasm, irony.
  • Threatening messages delivered very softly.

Conclusion – Wrap up

The goal of the conclusion is, to sum up everything that was stated in a tidy paragraph.

how to finish an inormative essay

Implement your thesis and provide significance. Explain why the topic you chose is valuable, giving it importance in the real world. This step can be very subjective, so that is entirely up to you.

Informative Essay Rubric

Informative writing is assessed on specific criteria that define the writer’s ability to implement them in their essay. The following is a foundation you need to base the piece on. You should be able to clearly identify the specific instances of the use of each of these:

  • Thesis
  • Does the thesis adequately unify all subtopics presented in the essay?
  • Is it well written within the context of the subject matter and the introductory paragraph?
  • Introduction
  • Does the introduction engage the reader and does it explain the forthcoming content?
  • Body Paragraphs
  • Does each paragraph contain a focused topic sentence that relates to the overall presented idea?
  • Are there enough details for the reader to understand the subject matter fully?
  • Conclusion
  • Does the concluding paragraph effectively unify the essay?
  • Does it make a point of the importance of stated idea?
  • Organization / Structure
  • If logical progression is applicable, is it used properly?

Read the article and are still confused?

Informative essays are very tedious by definition. The amount of research that goes into them can seem a little too much to handle. If you feel like you cannot tackle it yourself, we have a team of essay writers at your disposal to help you accomplish your task. You can hire a writer to proofread your writing, or you could buy an essay for a very affordable price. Our essay writing service is the best essay help you can get for your buck.

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